Ni-, Co- and Pt-based nanocatalysts for hydrogen generation via hydrolysis of NaBH4

V. Yartys 1,
I. Zavaliy 2,
A. Kytsya 3,
V. Berezovets 2,
Yu. Pirskyy 4,
F. Manilevich 4,
Yu. Verbovytskyy 3,
P. Lyutyy 3

1 Institute for Energy Technology, Kjeller NO-2027 , Норвегія
2 Фізико-механічний інститут ім. Г.В. Карпенка НАНУ, Львів, Україна
3 Кафедра фізичної хімії викопного палива Інституту фізико-органічної хімії і вуглехімії ім.Л.М.Литвиненка, НАНУ, Львів
3 Фізико-механічний інститут ім. Г.В. Карпенка НАНУ, Львів, Україна
4 Інститут загальної та неорганічної хімії ім. В. І. Вернадського НАН України , Київ



Ni-, Co- and Pt-based nanostructures were prepared via different physical-chemical methods and tested as the catalysts of hydrolysis of NaBH4. Ni-Co bimetallic nanoparticles with different Ni-Co ratios were synthesized by the modified polyol method via the reduction of in situ precipitated slurries of Ni and Co hydroxides by hydrazine in ethylene glycol solutions. It was found that a Ni- Co nanoparticles with the equal Ni/Co content and mean size of 130 nm are a more active catalyst as compared to Ni75Co25 and Ni25Co75 nanopowders and provide a constant rate of hydrogen evolution up to the full conversion of NaBH4. Zeolite supported Ni- and Co-based nanostructures (Ni-Z and Co-Z) as a convenient in use alternative to the metallic nanoparticles were synthesized via two-stage procedure consisted of adsorption of Ni2+ or Co2+ ions by zeolite from the aqueous solutions followed by the reduction of the adsorbed cations by NaBH4. Using SEM and EDX it was found that such method of synthesis provide the uniform distribution of 50 – 100 nm metallic nanopaticles both on the surface and in the bulk of the carrier due to the high cation-exchange capacity of the aluminosilicates. It was found that Co-Z catalyst is more active compared to Ni-Z and in studied conditions provides the H2 evolution rate close to 1450 mL/min per 1 g of precipitated metal. Various Pt-based nanocomposites were obtained by polyol synthesis and subsequently deposited on the carriers (carbon cloth or cordierite) as well as via a platinum electrodeposition on the titanium crump. It was found that the most efficient catalyst of the hydrolysis of NaBH4 is a cordierite-supported nanodispersed Pt which is able to maintain operation of a 30 W battery of fuel cells for 9-10 hours when using for the hydrolysis 1.1 L of 10 % NaBH4 solution.

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