Effect of Ba and Ti doping on magnetic properties of multiferroic Pb(Fe1/2Nb1/2)O3


I. M. Frantsevich Institute for Problems of Materials Science of the NAS of Ukraine, Omeliana Pritsaka str.,3, Kyiv, 03142, Ukraine
Phys. Rev. B, 064403 - Maryland, USA: American Physical Society (APS), 2013, #87


On the basis of extensive experimental studies of Pb1?xBax(Fe1/2Nb1/2)O3 (PFN-BFN) and Pb(Fe1/2Nb1/2)1?xTixO3 (PFN-PT) single crystals by several experimental methods, we have proposed phase diagrams describing the magnetic properties of these solid solutions. The comprehensive consideration of the magnetic properties of the PFN-based solid solutions has shown that these phase diagrams can be explained on the basis of a model suggested earlier for pure PFN [ Phys. Rev. Lett. 105 257202 (2010)]. This model assumes the coexistence in the crystal lattice of the long-range antiferromagnetic (AFM) cluster, which defines the N?el order parameter, with the finite-size mixed ferromagnetic-AFM clusters, responsible for the spin-glass order parameter. We state that one of these parameters, the N?el temperature, linearly decreases with the increasing dopant concentration and eventually disappears at some critical concentration as a result of the percolation phase transition. The other parameter survives until the maximal concentrations studied. We have also found a phase which can be related to the super-AFM order. These data can have important implications and provide the basis for the development of novel fundamental theory of multiferroics with the site, charge, and spin disorder.