Ferroelectricity and ferromagnetism in EuTiO3 nanowires

Anna N. Morozovska,
Rakesh K. Behera,
Chaitanya S. Deo,

Інститут проблем матеріалознавства ім. І. М. Францевича НАН України , вул. Кржижановського 3, Київ, 03142, Україна
Physical Review B - Maryland, USA: Американське Фізичне Суспільство (APS), 2011, #84


We predicted the ferroelectric–ferromagnetic multiferroic properties of EuTiO3 nanowires and generated the phase diagrams in coordinates of temperature and wire radii. The calculations were performed within the Landau-Ginzburg-Devonshire theory with phenomenological parameters extracted from tabulated experimental data and first-principles calculations. Since bulk EuTiO3 is antiferromagnetic at temperatures lower than 5.5 K and paraelectric at all temperatures, our goal was to investigate the possibility of inducing the ferroelectric and ferromagnetic properties of EuTiO3 by reducing the bulk to nanosystems. Our results indicate that ferroelectric spontaneous polarization of ∼0.1–0.5 C/m2 is induced in EuTiO3 nanowires due to the intrinsic surface stress, which is inversely proportional to the nanowire radius. Spontaneous polarization exists at temperatures lower than 300 K for wire diameter of ∼4 lattice constants with 10 N/m surface stress coefficient. Due to the strong biquadratic magnetoelectric coupling, the spontaneous polarization in turn induces the ferromagnetic phase at temperatures lower than 30 K for 2-nm nanowire and at temperatures lower than 10 K for 4-nm nanowire in EuTiO3. Thus, we predicted that the EuTiO3 nanowires can be the new ferroelectric–ferromagnetic multiferroic.