Surface-induced piezomagnetic, piezoelectric, and linear magnetoelectric effects in nanosystems

A. N. Morozovska,
R. Blinc

Інститут проблем матеріалознавства ім. І. М. Францевича НАН України , вул. Кржижановського 3, Київ, 03142, Україна
Physical Review B - Maryland, USA: Американське Фізичне Суспільство (APS), 2010, #82


Using symmetry theory we explore how symmetry breaking inevitably present in the vicinity of any surface gives rise to spontaneous surface piezomagnetic, piezoelectric, and magnetoelectric effects. The large surface-to-volume ratio makes the surface symmetry effects dominant in small enough nanosystems. As a result piezomagnetism, piezoelectricity, and strong size-dependent linear magnetoelectric coupling are predicted in nanomaterials, which are nonpiezomagnetic and/or nonpiezoelectric in the bulk, but belong to the one of the existing 90 bulk magnetic classes, e.g., among a wide class of cubic binary oxides such as MnO, FeO, CoO, NiO, EuO, PrO, and Er2O3.