Surface-induced piezomagnetic, piezoelectric, and linear magnetoelectric effects in nanosystems

A. N. Morozovska,
R. Blinc

I. M. Frantsevich Institute for Problems of Materials Science of the NAS of Ukraine, Krzhizhanovsky str., 3, Kyiv, 03142, Ukraine
Physical Review B - Maryland< usa: American Physical Society (APS), 2010, #82


Using symmetry theory we explore how symmetry breaking inevitably present in the vicinity of any surface gives rise to spontaneous surface piezomagnetic, piezoelectric, and magnetoelectric effects. The large surface-to-volume ratio makes the surface symmetry effects dominant in small enough nanosystems. As a result piezomagnetism, piezoelectricity, and strong size-dependent linear magnetoelectric coupling are predicted in nanomaterials, which are nonpiezomagnetic and/or nonpiezoelectric in the bulk, but belong to the one of the existing 90 bulk magnetic classes, e.g., among a wide class of cubic binary oxides such as MnO, FeO, CoO, NiO, EuO, PrO, and Er2O3.