The influence of grain size on fracture toughness in metals

 

I. M. Frantsevich Institute for Problems of Materials Science of the NAS of Ukraine, Krzhizhanovsky str., 3, Kyiv, 03142, Ukraine
Mathematical Models and Computing Experiment in Material Science - Kiev: Frantsevich Institute for Problems of Materials Science NASU, 2014, #16
http://www.materials.kiev.ua/article/818

Abstract

We perform computer modelling of the dislocation emission from the crack tip under the variable external stress in molibdenum. The following material properties are obtained: the number of dislocations in a grain, the energy of dislocation movement and fracture toughness. It is showm that the fracture toughness depends slightly on the grain size when the size is less than 50 µm and is constant when it is larger. This is because at this value of the grain size the plastic zone ceases to touch the grain boundary. The number of the dislocations in a grain and the dislocation ensemble movement energy grow rapidly with the grain size when the size is less than 50 µm and are constant when the grain size is larger.


CRACK TIP, DISLOCATION, FRACTURE TOUGHNESS FACTOR